Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is an injury to the brain caused by trauma.
Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) is an injury to the brain which is not hereditary, congenital, degenerative or induced by birth trauma. It is an injury that has occurred after birth. This may result in mild, moderate or severe impairment in one or more areas, including cognition, speech- language, communication, memory, attention and concentration, reasoning, abstract thinking, physical functions, psycho-social behaviour and information processing
Symptoms are very similar to that of traumatic brain injury
- Anoxic Brain Injury- where the brain does not receive any oxygen (cells in the brain need oxygen to survive).
- Hypoxic Brain Injury - where the brain receives some oxygen but not enough.
Examples of some Causes of ABI- airway obstruction, throat swelling, choking, strangulation, crush injuries to the chest, trauma to head and neck, Vascular disruption, heart attack, stroke, aneurysm, intracranial surgery infections, Meningitis, Illegal drugs, alcohol abuse.